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Wednesday, October 4, 2023

Can insecure jobs increase early death risk among employees?

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A study found that precarious labor may increase the risk of early death. Finding stable employment can reduce the chance of dying young by 20% for individuals without a job.

Precarious jobs have short contracts, low compensation, and restricted power and rights, creating an unstable and unpredictable workplace.

The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Reports released Karolinska Institutet study recommending strengthening the employment security market.

Theo Bodin, assistant professor at Karolinska Institutet’s Institute of Environmental Medicine, says “this is the first study to show that switching from precarious employment to secure employment can reduce the risk of death.”

“It’s the same as saying that working in jobs without a secure contract increases the risk of early death.”

From 2005 to 2017, about 250,000 Swedish workers aged 20–55 gave registration data.

Study participants held insecure occupations before transitioning to secure ones.

No matter what happened when a person went from precarious to secure job, they had a 20% lower death rate.

After 12 years of consistent employment, death risk dropped 30%.

Assistant professor Nuria Matilla-Santander, the study’s lead author, said, “This large population database allowed us to account for several factors that may affect mortality, such as age, employee illnesses, or life changes like divorce.

Scientists say the findings show ways to lower employee mortality.


A Karolinska Institutet study indicated that transitioning from insecure to stable job reduces young death risk by 20%. Short contracts, low compensation, and restricted power and rights can make work precarious. The research of nearly 250,000 Swedish workers aged 20–55 indicated that transferring from insecure to stable employment decreased mortality by 20%. After 12 years of consistent employment, death risk dropped 30%. The study’s lead author, assistant professor Nuria Matilla-Santander, stressed the impact of age, illnesses, and life changes like divorce. These studies show methods to lower the higher employee mortality rate.

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