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Blood Cancer Awareness Month 2023: All you need to know about blood cancer diagnosis & staging

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Hematologic cancers kill through disrupting blood cell formation and function. Cancers can develop in blood, lymphatic, or bone marrow. Early and accurate diagnosis and staging improve therapy and prognosis for many illnesses. Dr. Gaurav Dixit, Unit Head – Haemato Oncology (Unit II), Artemis Hospital Gurgaon, explained blood cancer diagnosis and staging in September, Blood Cancer Awareness Month.

Diagnosis

Blood cancer patients may have fatigue, weight loss, recurrent infections, bruising, and swollen lymph nodes. Doctors frequently diagnose after physical exams. Your doctor will assess your medical history and symptoms to determine if you need extra tests.

Diagnostic blood tests are necessary for blood cancer. CBCs measure red, white, and platelet counts. Abnormal numbers may suggest malignancy.

Blood cancer diagnosis and type often require bone marrow biopsy. This requires microscopy of a little bone marrow sample. This classifies and stages blood cancer.

Staging

Staging assesses blood cancer’s spread. It guides prognosis and treatment. Each blood cancer has its own staging method, but they share crucial elements. Briefly grasp each stage.

 Stage 0

In this stage, the cancer has not spread.

 Stage 1

This stage may have seen cancer spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes.

 Stage 2

Usually, the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes.

 Stage 3

The malignancy has spread to multiple lymph nodes and tissues.

 Stage 4

Cancer spreads to the liver, lungs, or bone marrow in this stage.

Treatment strategy and prognosis depend on blood cancer diagnosis and stage. These processes depend on symptoms, physical exams, blood testing, and bone marrow biopsies. Blood cancer patients and doctors need stage information to determine treatment and track the disease.

Remember that medical technology improves blood cancer diagnosis and therapy. Early detection and prevention enhance patient outcomes. Promoting awareness and routine healthcare visits for at-risk or blood cancer patients helps diagnose and treat them early.

Conclusion:-

Hematologic cancers kill through disrupting blood cell formation and function. They may form in blood, lymphatic system, or bone marrow. These illnesses require prompt and accurate diagnosis and staging to determine treatment and prognosis. Blood Cancer Awareness Month is September, thus Dr. Gaurav Dixit, Unit Head – Haemato Oncology (Unit II), Artemis Hospital Gurgaon, explained blood cancer diagnosis and staging.

Doctors evaluate patients’ medical history and symptoms to determine future testing. Complete blood count (CBC) measures red, white, and platelets. Abnormal numbers may suggest malignancy.

Blood cancer diagnosis and type often require bone marrow biopsy. This procedure diagnoses blood cancer kind and stage using a microscopic bone marrow sample under a microscope. Staging guides blood cancer treatment and prognosis by assessing its breadth and progression. Each blood cancer has its own staging method, but they share crucial elements.

Finally, blood cancer diagnosis and staging are essential for treatment and prognosis. Medical research and technology improve blood cancer diagnosis and therapy. Blood cancer patients must be aware and contact their doctor often to diagnose and treat the disease early.

Newsdesk

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