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Sunday, October 1, 2023

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: All that you need to know

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Trauma causes PTSD, an anxiety disorder. This mental illness can result from war, sexual assault, physical abuse, natural disasters, or car accidents. After trauma, you may feel worried and overwhelmed. PTSD develops when these sensations persist and become increasingly obtrusive.

PTSD can produce significant emotional pain, including flashbacks or nightmares, intrusive memories, avoidance of everything that reminds of the incident, problems sleeping or focusing, guilt, terror, and wrath. These symptoms might last weeks, months, or years and make daily living challenging.
Knowledge of PTSD Symptoms

Intrusive thoughts, avoidance behavior, negative mood and cognitive patterns, and physical and emotional responses are common PTSD symptoms.

Intrusive thoughts include flashbacks or dreams that remake the tragedy. Avoidance means avoiding people, places, events, items, and discussions that trigger unpleasant memories. Feeling separated from loved ones, persistent negative feelings like dread or guilt, problems remembering the traumatic experience, or feeling divorced from reality are negative mood and cognitive patterns. Jumpiness, heart rate rise, and insomnia are physical and emotional changes.

Know PTSD Causes

PTSD can result from sexual assault, physical abuse, war, natural catastrophes, or vehicle accidents. Research has also linked secondary trauma to PTSD, such as hearing about someone else’s tragedy or viewing a horrific occurrence on TV.  Medical treatments like surgery or diagnosis might trigger PTSD.
Know PTSD Treatments

PTSD is best treated with treatment and medication. PTSD treatment often incorporates cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) to identify and replace harmful thinking patterns. It also teaches students stress management and emotional management. Depressed, anxious, and hallucinating PTSD patients use antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics.

In addition to therapy and medications, mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) helps people become mindful of their thoughts and feelings, EMDR helps process traumatic memories, art therapy helps express emotions, and group therapy helps PTSD patients.


Stressful situations like war, sexual assault, physical abuse, natural disasters, and car accidents trigger PTSD. Flashbacks, nightmares, intrusive memories, avoidance, insomnia, guilt, terror, and rage might result. Symptoms might last weeks, months, or years and make daily living difficult. PTSD can result from any trauma, secondary trauma, or medical interventions. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), antidepressants, mood stabilizers, and antipsychotics treat PTSD. MBSR, EMDR, art therapy, and group therapy are other therapies. These treatments help people become conscious, process painful memories, express emotions via art, and connect with others who understand.

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