New Delhi With each country having more than 1.4 billion citizens this year, India is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populous nation in 2023, according to a United Nations report released on Monday. However, the report also warned that high fertility rates would pose a threat to economic growth.
According to the report released on World Population Day, as the rate of death slows, the world’s population, which is projected to reach 8 billion by November 15 of this year, could increase to 8.5 billion in 2030 and 10.4 billion in 2100.
According to the domestic census, which is carried out in India once every ten years, there were 1.21 billion people there in 2011. Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, the government postponed the 2021 census.
According to UN predictions, global population growth is occurring at its sluggishest rate since 1950 and will drop to 1% in 2020.
The average fertility of the global population was 2.3 births per woman over her lifetime in 2021, down from almost 5 in 1950. By 2050, there will be 2.1 births per woman worldwide, according to projections.
The UN Secretary-General António Guterres said in a statement that the occasion was one to “enjoy our diversity, recognise our shared humanity, and marvel at improvements in health that have extended lifespans and substantially lowered maternal and child mortality rates.”
However, he said that a growing population served as a reminder that we all had a part in protecting the environment and to “reflect on where we still fall short of our commitments to one another.”
According to the UN assessment, the COVID-19 pandemic was mostly to blame for a decline in worldwide life expectancy at birth from 72.8 years in 2019 to 71 years in 2021, which was estimated by an earlier World Health Organization report to have occurred between January 2020 and December 2021.
According to the United Nations, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Tanzania will account for more than half of the predicted rise in the world’s population up to 2050.
Sub-Saharan African nations are estimated to generate more than half of the growth forecast through 2050.